1940: Sadly famous handshake between Pétain and Hitler in Montoire, which paves the way for collaboration.
1929 : New York stock market crash (theblack thursday) which causes an unprecedented financial and then banking crisis, and precipitates the United States, then quickly the main world powers, in theGreat Depression of the 1930s.
1916: The French make a decisive breakthrough in the battle of Verdun, without reversing the course of the conflict.
1648: Treaties of Westhpalie put an end to the Thirty Years' War which opposed Catholics and Protestants.
996: Death ofHugues Capet. The French monarchy becomes lastingly hereditary.