Palais de Justice

Palais de Justice


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The Palais de Justice in Île de la Cité in Paris is a courthouse in Paris, located on the Boulevard du Palais on the Île de la Cité.

Palais de Justice history

The courthouse is a vast and majestic gothic structure, the site of which was originally the home of governors of Ancient Rome.

Palais de Justice then became the royal residence of the French monarchy such as Louis IX and remained as such until Charles V moved the royal palaces to Marais in 1358 following the Jacquerie revolt.

As the current seat of the French judicial system, the Palais de Justice serves a function which it has fulfilled in various guises since medieval times. This began in earnest in April 1793, when the civil chamber or “Premier Chambre Civile” of the Palais de Justice became the home of the Revolutionary Tribunal. This was the fearsome court of the French Revolution from which the Reign of Terror was systematically carried out.

Also part of the Palais de Justice is the famous prison known as La Conciergerie and it is next to Sainte Chapelle, which was built by Louis IX.

Palais de Justice today

Today the Palais occupies 4 hectares of land and is spread out over different floors making up almost 200,000m². Inside, there are some 24 kilometres of corridors, 7,000 doors, and more than 3,150 windows.

There are law courts within the Palais as well as many police and other military style officers who guard the whole complex. As of today, the inside of the building is generally not open to the public.

Getting to Palais de Justice

The full address of the Palais de Justice is 4 boulevard du Palais, 75001 Paris. The nearest metro station is Cité and buses 21, 27, 38, 85, 96 will all take you to the courthouse. There are multiple car parks nearby.


Palais de Justice (Strasbourg)

The Palais de Justice is a listed courthouse ( tribunal de grande instance ) in Strasbourg's new town . It was inaugurated in 1897 in what was then the German city as a palace of justice . The palace has been classified as a monument historique since 1992 .


Contents

The place where the Palais de Justice stands today was formerly the Palais de la Cité , the royal residence in Paris from the 10th to the 14th centuries, of which only the Conciergerie and the Sainte-Chapelle have survived.

When King Charles V decided to swap the Palais de la Cité for the Hôtel Saint-Paul , the abandoned palace housed his administration: the Parlement , the Chambre des comptes (Court of Auditors) and the Chancellery . 1776, under King Louis XVI. , the parts of the building between the Conciergerie and the Sainte-Chapelle fell victim to a fire. The facade on the Cour de Mai, the main entrance to the palace, was reconstructed between 1783 and 1786. During the French Revolution , from April 6, 1793 to May 31, 1795, the palace was the seat of the Revolutionary Tribunal .

At the time of the Restoration , the Palais de Justice took on a new dimension as trials became as important as political debates. New offices were created and the premises were soon no longer sufficient, so that first construction work began. The July monarchy prompted a further expansion of the palace. Jean-Nicolas Huyot was commissioned to carry out the extension with a majestic building. In 1840, after Huyot's death, Louis Joseph Duc and Honoré Daumet were appointed to complete the project. King Louis Philippe did not see the completion in office, Napoleon III remained . reserved - but only towards the end of his reign: the final work was in progress when the Second Empire collapsed. A fire on May 24, 1871, at the time of the Paris Commune , destroyed almost a quarter of a century of work. Years later, Daumet (Duc had died in 1879) was appointed architect for the palace, and reconstruction began in 1883.

Usage today

Even today, the Palais de Justice is one of the nerve centers of the French judiciary, as it houses the Cour de cassation (Court of Cassation), the highest court of ordinary justice. The Cour d'Appel de Paris (Court of Appeal) of Paris also resides here as well as the Tribunal de Grande Instance . The immediate proximity to the Direction régionale de la police judiciaire de la Préfecture de police , which occupies the buildings on the Quai des Orfèvres, simplifies communication between the executive and the judiciary.

New building

The move of the Tribunal de Grande Instance (TGI), which is cramped in the Palais de Justice, into a specially constructed building with an area of ​​115,000 m² has been under discussion for several years. In order to lead this project to its goal, the “ Établissement du palais de justice de Paris” (EPPJP) was founded. On January 25, 2005, the government under Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin decided that of the three sites under discussion in the Paris Rive Gauche development area (ZAC), Austerlitz , Tolbiac and Masséna, the Tolbiac site should be preferred. The Paris Mayor and Serge Blisko , Mayor of the 13th arrondissement, objected to the fact that the construction of 1,000 apartments and the creation of a 2-hectare garden should ensure the connection of the newly developed area to the existing substance of the old district. They advocated the Masséna site , which is delimited by the multi-lane boulevard périphérique in the west and the busy Boulevards des Maréchaux in the east, and had a design submitted by the architect Yves Lion , which had already been involved in the planning of the TGI in the past Draguignan and the TGI in Lyon .

The magistrate initially rejected the urban project with reference to the lack of connection to the public transport network and in November 2006 spoke out completely against the move. Regardless of this, the EPPJP announced an international competition for Tolbiac in spring 2007 . On November 27, 2007, the following were among the 200 participants: Josep Foses (Spain), Pacôme Bommier (3 Box, France) as well as Fernando Donis and Katrin Betschinger (Netherlands). In February 2008, the chairman of the tribunal asked to stop all projects and to consider moving to the hospital building of the Hôtel-Dieu, not far from the Palace of Justice , whose activities are to be reduced by 80% in the future. In November, the TGI was finally forced to have a provisional audience hall built in the entrance area of ​​the Palace of Justice in view of two impending trials. The cost was € 600,000. In 2012 the decision was made to build the New Palace of Justice in Paris in the north-west of the metropolis. It was completed in June 2017.


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Palais de Justice

The Palais de Justice has a very long link to the history of Paris. Since mediaeval times, justice has been dispensed from here. More notably, during the French Revolution the Parlement de Paris operated from this site. The Revolutionary Tribunal terrorized the royalists, priests, political opponents, innocent victims and anyone that was against the revolution were condemned in the courts that sat here. Within thirteen months, these courts pronounced 1,220 death sentences, yes, death sentences on an industrial scale. Condemned prisoners were then sent to the building next door which we know as the Conciergerie. The Chambre Dorée is particularly remembered because it was the place where in 1793 Marie-Antoinette received the death sentence.

The Palais de Justice: a place of terror during the French Revolution

Palais de Justice Visit

The Palais de Justice shares the same real estate as the Sainte-Chapelle and the Conciergerie. When faced with a long queue for Sainte-Chapelle, we decided to visit the Palais de Justice instead. The wrought iron gate to the Cour du Mai is the main entrance, but this is not where you actually access the Palais de Justice, although you do exit from there. Like everyone visiting Sainte-Chapelle or the Palais de Justice, you have to go through security check at a side entrance to the left of the building. There’s actually another entrance from the Place Dauphine, but visitors can’t access the building from that side.

Palace of Justice grand lobby

Although it is an important building in the history of Paris, it does not seem to receive as many visitors as other Paris attractions. As such, Tony was able to do quite a long video take of the interior without too much interruption.

Address:
Palais de Justice
4 boulevard du Palais
75001 Paris


Since the Watch

Following the announcement of the 2016 Watch, the Belgian Chamber of Representatives reviewed the case of the Brussels Palace of Justice several times. In February 2016, the Ministry of Interior announced a ten-year plan to restore the complex and return it to its original judicial function. The project, which is expected to cost €100 million, will begin in 2019 with the restoration of the building’s main façade, facing Poelaert Square. In July 2017, the Council of Ministers announced that a study team for the restoration of the building would soon be appointed.


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Sommaire

Palais de la Cité Modifier

Le Palais de Justice est l'ancienne curia regis dont sont issus le parlement de Paris et toutes les anciennes juridictions souveraines (Eaux et forêts, Maréchaussée, Monnaie, Maçonnerie…) et actuelles (Conseil d'État, Cour de cassation, Cour des comptes, Chancellerie, ainsi que les archives législatives et diplomatiques). Il est situé depuis son origine au Palais de la Cité qui fut la résidence et le siège du pouvoir des rois de France, du X e au XIV e siècle et dont il reste d'importants vestiges : la grande salle avec sa cuisine, la Conciergerie, la Sainte Chapelle, plusieurs tours et l'emprise des divers bâtiments.

Lorsque le roi Charles V décida de transférer sa résidence depuis la Cité pour l'hôtel Saint-Pol, les institutions de la Justice s'y maintiennent : Parlement de Paris, Chambre des comptes et Chancellerie.

Le Palais eut à subir plusieurs incendies. En 1601, la salle des pas perdus fut touchée et la collection des statues en bois des rois de France fut détruite. En 1618, la Grand'Salle fut ravagée et sa reconstruction fut confiée à Salomon de Brosse. En 1630, c'est la flèche de la Sainte Chapelle qui est victime du feu puis la Cour des comptes subit le même sort en 1737. En 1776, sous le règne de Louis XVI, un incendie consuma la partie s'étendant entre la Conciergerie et la Sainte Chapelle.

La façade qui domine la Cour du Mai, de toute l'entrée principale du Palais, fut reconstruite entre 1783 et 1786 en style néo-classique avec colonnade. La grille monumentale en fer forgé, très ouvragée avec des dorures, qui ouvre sur la cour du Mai, aujourd'hui en très mauvais état, a été exécutée en 1776 par le maître serrurier Bigonnet [ 2 ] . Sous la Révolution, le Palais fut le siège du Tribunal de cassation [ 3 ] , et du Tribunal révolutionnaire du 6 avril 1793 au 31 mai 1795.

Palais de justice Modifier

Le Palais de Justice prend une nouvelle dimension politique sous la Restauration. En effet, depuis Louis XVIII et Charles X, le débat judiciaire dispute la préférence au débat parlementaire. De nouveaux postes sont créés, mais les locaux ne suffisent plus à accueillir le volume croissant des affaires. C’est à ce moment que les tout premiers travaux de restauration sont entrepris. Les affaires judiciaires ne cessant d’augmenter, la Monarchie de Juillet lance un vaste programme d’agrandissement du Palais. Jean-Nicolas Huyot est chargé de rédiger un projet d’agrandissement et d’isolement afin d’en faire un édifice majestueux.

En 1840, Joseph-Louis Duc et Étienne-Théodore Dommey, à la suite du décès de Huyot, sont nommés pour mener à bien ce projet. Louis-Philippe ne verra cependant pas l’achèvement des travaux, à cause du déclenchement de la Révolution de 1848 et c’est sous Napoléon III que ceux-ci vont trouver enfin leur rythme de croisière. Les statues de Charlemagne et de Philippe Auguste sont l'œuvre en 1860 du sculpteur Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire.


La haute coupole de la salle des pas perdus servit pour y installer un énorme pendule de Foucault afin de démontrer par les traces laissées dans du sable fin que la terre tourne bien sur elle-même, changeant ainsi la direction du traçage dans le sable par rapport au bâtiment… Cette expérience fut réalisée en 1951 pour célébrer le centenaire de l'expérience réalisée par Foucault.

À partir de 1964, le vide sous la coupole abrita les installations techniques du centre de l'Eurovision ainsi que les techniciens qui assuraient les échanges de programmes télévisés européens reçus et émis vers les relais extérieurs grâce à une grande antenne dressée au sommet du dôme.


Watch the video: 22 LE PALAIS DE JUSTICE